There are five kandil night celebration in Turkey. Kandil taken from word candle from the time of Sultan Selim II who had candles lit in the Mosques Minarets to mark the holy evenings.
The five holy evenings on the Muslim calendar are called Kandil. During the Ottoman Empire Sultan Selim II of 16th century lit candles on the minarets of the mosques in order to announce these holy nights to the public. Since this calendar is calculated with the revolution of the moon around the earth the dates of the Kandils differ every year.
Mevlid Kandili (Mawlid an-Nabi) - The birth of Prophet Mohammad
Regaip Kandili – The night of Muhammed's conception
Miraç Kandili (Lailat al Miraj) – Prophet Mohammad's rising to sky
Berat Kandili (Mid-Sha'ban) – The forgiveness of the sins
Kadir Gecesi (Laylat al-Qadr) – The Koran's first appearance to Prophet Mohammad
And this year 2015 We celebrate Mevlid Kandili which celebrated on 2nd January. And as follow the tradition here in Turkey İ also made this Kandil simidi. Different from my other simit İ post before here, this kandil simidi has more chewy texture more or less like shortbread. And here the recipe.
- 250 gr butter, soften in room temperature
- 90 ml sun flower oil (or olive oil)
- 200 ml yogurt
- 2 medium egg, separated the yolk from whites
- about 400~500 gr flour--just enough to form dough
- 2 tsp baking powder
- 2 tsp sugar
- 1 tsp table salt
- sesame seeds (you can mix with black one)
- egg white from 2 egg above, beaten with 2 tbsp water
Pre heat oven at 180~190 C.
İn one bowl put together soft butter, cooking oil, yolks, yogurt. Mix well until blended. İn other bowl mix all dry ingredient ( start with 400 gr flour first, add it later as needed), make a well in the centre and pour in wet mixture. Start to knead until you can form the dough. İn this stage you might need more flour, add it bit by bit carefully.
Prepare your sesame seed in one small bowl, and beaten egg white near it. Pinch small amount of the dough (about 7 cm diameter). Shape it like donut, do it same way to all dough until it's finish. Dip the ring into egg white then drag into sesame seed.
Arrange onto baking tray line with baking paper. Bake them until golden brown about 30 minutes.